adsyn — Output is an additive set of individually controlled sinusoids, using an oscillator bank.


Output is an additive set of individually controlled sinusoids, using an oscillator bank.


ares adsyn kamod, kfmod, ksmod, ifilcod


ifilcod -- integer or character-string denoting a control-file derived from analysis of an audio signal. An integer denotes the suffix of a file adsyn.m or pvoc.m; a character-string (in double quotes) gives a filename, optionally a full pathname. If not fullpath, the file is sought first in the current directory, then in the one given by the environment variable SADIR (if defined). adsyn control contains breakpoint amplitude- and frequency-envelope values organized for oscillator resynthesis, while pvoc control contains similar data organized for fft resynthesis. Memory usage depends on the size of the files involved, which are read and held entirely in memory during computation but are shared by multiple calls (see also lpread).


kamod -- amplitude factor of the contributing partials.

kfmod -- frequency factor of the contributing partials. It is a control-rate transposition factor: a value of 1 incurs no transposition, 1.5 transposes up a perfect fifth, and .5 down an octave.

ksmod -- speed factor of the contributing partials.

adsyn synthesizes complex time-varying timbres through the method of additive synthesis. Any number of sinusoids, each individually controlled in frequency and amplitude, can be summed by high-speed arithmetic to produce a high-fidelity result.

Component sinusoids are described by a control file describing amplitude and frequency tracks in millisecond breakpoint fashion. Tracks are defined by sequences of 16-bit binary integers:

-1, time, amp, time, amp,... 
-2, time, freq, time, freq,...

such as from hetrodyne filter analysis of an audio file. (For details see hetro.) The instantaneous amplitude and frequency values are used by an internal fixed-point oscillator that adds each active partial into an accumulated output signal. While there is a practical limit (limit removed in version 3.47) on the number of contributing partials, there is no restriction on their behavior over time. Any sound that can be described in terms of the behavior of sinusoids can be synthesized by adsyn alone.

Sound described by an adsyn control file can also be modified during re-synthesis. The signals kamod, kfmod, ksmod will modify the amplitude, frequency, and speed of contributing partials. These are multiplying factors, with kfmod modifying the frequency and ksmod modifying the speed with which the millisecond breakpoint line-segments are traversed. Thus .7, 1.5, and 2 will give rise to a softer sound, a perfect fifth higher, but only half as long. The values 1,1,1 will leave the sound unmodified. Each of these inputs can be a control signal.


Here is an example of the adsyn opcode. It uses the file adsyn.csd, and kickroll.het. The file “kickroll.het” was created by using the hetro utility with the audio file kickroll.wav.

Example 29. Example of the adsyn opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o adsyn.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1
  ; If the modulation amounts are set to 1, adsyn
  ; will not perform any special modulation.
  kamod init 1
  kfmod init 1
  ksmod init 1

  ; Re-synthesizes the file "kickroll.het".
  a1 adsyn kamod, kfmod, ksmod, "kickroll.het"

  out a1 * 32768


; Play Instrument #1 for one second.
i 1 0 1



Example written by Kevin Conder.