reson — A second-order resonant filter.


A second-order resonant filter.


ares reson asig, kcf, kbw [, iscl] [, iskip]


iscl (optional, default=0) -- coded scaling factor for resonators. A value of 1 signifies a peak response factor of 1, i.e. all frequencies other than kcf are attenuated in accordance with the (normalized) response curve. A value of 2 raises the response factor so that its overall RMS value equals 1. (This intended equalization of input and output power assumes all frequencies are physically present; hence it is most applicable to white noise.) A zero value signifies no scaling of the signal, leaving that to some later adjustment (see balance). The default value is 0.

iskip (optional, default=0) -- initial disposition of internal data space. Since filtering incorporates a feedback loop of previous output, the initial status of the storage space used is significant. A zero value will clear the space; a non-zero value will allow previous information to remain. The default value is 0.


ares -- the output signal at audio rate.

asig -- the input signal at audio rate.

kcf -- the center frequency of the filter, or frequency position of the peak response.

kbw -- bandwidth of the filter (the Hz difference between the upper and lower half-power points).

reson is a second-order filter in which kcf controls the center frequency, or frequency position of the peak response, and kbw controls its bandwidth (the frequency difference between the upper and lower half-power points).


Here is an example of the reson opcode. It uses the file reson.csd.

Example 394. Example of the reson opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o reson.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1
  ; Generate a sine waveform.
  asine buzz 15000, 440, 3, 1

  ; Vary the cut-off frequency from 220 to 1280.
  kcf line 220, p3, 1320
  kbw init 20

  ; Run the sine through a resonant filter.
  ares reson asine, kcf, kbw

  ; Give the filtered signal the same amplitude 
  ; as the original signal. 
  a1 balance ares, asine
  out a1


; Table #1, an ordinary sine wave.
f 1 0 16384 10 1

; Play Instrument #1 for 4 seconds.
i 1 0 4


See Also

areson, aresonk, atone, atonek, port, portk, resonk, tone, tonek


Example written by Kevin Conder.