poscil — High precision oscillator.


High precision oscillator.


ares poscil aamp, acps, ifn [, iphs]
ares poscil aamp, kcps, ifn [, iphs]
ares poscil kamp, acps, ifn [, iphs]
ares poscil kamp, kcps, ifn [, iphs]
ires poscil kamp, kcps, ifn [, iphs]
kres poscil kamp, kcps, ifn [, iphs]


ifn -- function table number

iphs (optional, default=0) -- initial phase (in samples)


ares -- output signal

kamp, aamp -- the amplitude of the output signal.

kcps, acps -- the frequency of the output signal in cycles per second.

poscil (precise oscillator) is the same as oscili, but allows much more precise frequency control, especially when using long tables and low frequency values. It uses floating-point table indexing, instead of integer math, like oscil and oscili. It is only a bit slower than oscili.

Since Csound 4.22, poscil can accept also negative frequency values and use a-rate values both for amplitude and frequency. So both AM and FM are allowed using this opcode.


Here is an example of the poscil opcode. It uses the file poscil.csd.

Example 333. Example of the poscil opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o poscil.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1 - a basic oscillator.
instr 1
  kamp = 10000
  kcps = 440
  ifn = 1

  a1 poscil kamp, kcps, ifn
  out a1


; Table #1, a sine wave.
f 1 0 16384 10 1

; Play Instrument #1 for 2 seconds.
i 1 0 2


See Also



Author: Gabriel Maldonado

Example written by Kevin Conder.

November 2002. Added a note about the changes to Csound version 4.22, thanks to Rasmus Ekman.

New in Csound version 3.52