follow — Envelope follower unit generator.


Envelope follower unit generator.


ares follow asig, idt


idt -- This is the period, in seconds, that the average amplitude of asig is reported. If the frequency of asig is low then idt must be large (more than half the period of asig )


asig -- This is the signal from which to extract the envelope.


Here is an example of the follow opcode. It uses the file follow.csd, and beats.wav.

Example 156. Example of the follow opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o follow.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1 - play a WAV file.
instr 1
  a1 soundin "beats.wav"
  out a1

; Instrument #2 - have another waveform follow the WAV file.
instr 2
  ; Follow the WAV file.
  as soundin "beats.wav"
  af follow as, 0.01

  ; Use a sine waveform.
  as oscil 4000, 440, 1
  ; Have it use the amplitude of the followed WAV file.
  a1 balance as, af

  out a1


; Just generate a nice, ordinary sine wave.
f 1 0 32768 10 1

; Play Instrument #1 for two seconds.
i 1 0 2
; Play Instrument #2 for two seconds.
i 2 2 2


To avoid zipper noise, by discontinuities produced from complex envelope tracking, a lowpass filter could be used, to smooth the estimated envelope.


Author: Paris Smaragdis
MIT, Cambridge