exp — Returns e raised to the x-th power.


Returns e raised to the xth power.


exp(x) (no rate restriction)

where the argument within the parentheses may be an expression. Value converters perform arithmetic translation from units of one kind to units of another. The result can then be a term in a further expression.


Here is an example of the exp opcode. It uses the file exp.csd.

Example 129. Example of the exp opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in
-odac           -iadc    ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o exp.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform

; Initialize the global variables.
sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1

; Instrument #1.
instr 1
  i1 = exp(8)
  print i1


; Play Instrument #1 for one second.
i 1 0 1


Its output should include a line like this:

instr 1:  i1 = 2980.958

See Also

abs, frac, int, log, log10, i, sqrt


Example written by Kevin Conder.

New in version 4.21