sprintfk

sprintfk — printf-style formatted output to a string variable at k-rate.

Description

sprintfk writes printf-style formatted output to a string variable, similarly to the C function sprintf(). sprintfk runs both at initialization and performance time.

Syntax

Sdst sprintfk Sfmt, xarg1[, xarg2[, ... ]]

Initialization

Sfmt -- format string, has the same format as in printf() and other similar C functions, except length modifiers (l, ll, h, etc.) are not supported. The following conversion specifiers are allowed:

  • d, i, o, u, x, X, e, E, f, F, g, G, c, s

xarg1, xarg2, ... -- input arguments (max. 30) for format, should be i-rate for all conversion specifiers except %s, which requires a string argument. sprintfk also allows k-rate number arguments, but these should still be valid at init time as well (unless sprintfk is skipped with igoto). Integer formats like %d round the input values to the nearest integer.

Performance

Sdst -- output string variable

Examples

Here is an example of the sprintfk opcode. It uses the file sprintfk.csd.

Example 810. Example of the sprintfk opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in
-odac           -iadc    ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o sprintfk.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

  sr	    =  48000
  ksmps	    =  16
  nchnls    =  2
  0dbfs	    =  1

; Example by Jonathan Murphy 2007

    instr 1

  S1	    =  "1"
  S2	    =  " + 1"
  ktrig	    init      0
  kval	    init      2
if (ktrig == 1) then
  S1	    strcatk   S1, S2
  kval	    =  kval + 1
endif
  String    sprintfk  "%s = %d", S1, kval
	    puts      String, kval
  ktrig	    metro     1

    endin

</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>
i1 0 10
e
</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


Its output should include lines like this:

1 + 1 = 2
1 + 1 + 1 = 3
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 4
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 5
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 6
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 7
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 8
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 9
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 10
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 11
1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 12

See also

sprintf, puts, strcatk

Credits

Author: Istvan Varga
2005
Example by Jonathan Murphy