oscil

oscil — A simple oscillator.

Description

oscil reads table ifn sequentially and repeatedly at a frequency xcps. The amplitude is scaled by xamp.

Syntax

ares oscil xamp, xcps [, ifn, iphs]
kres oscil kamp, kcps [, ifn, iphs]

Initialization

ifn -- (optional) function table number. Requires a wrap-around guard point. The table number defaults to -1 which indicates a sinewave.

iphs (optional, default=0) -- initial phase of sampling, expressed as a fraction of a cycle (0 to 1). A negative value will cause phase initialization to be skipped. The default value is 0.

Performance

kamp, xamp -- amplitude

kcps, xcps -- frequency in cycles per second.

The oscil opcode generates periodic control (or audio) signals consisting of the value of kamp (xamp) times the value returned from control rate (audio rate) sampling of a stored function table. The internal phase is simultaneously advanced in accordance with the kcps or xcps input value.

Table ifn is incrementally sampled modulo the table length and the value obtained is multiplied by amp.

If you need to change the oscillator table with a k-rate signal, you can use oscilikt.

Examples

Here is an example of the oscil opcode. It uses the file oscil.csd.

Example 545. Example of the oscil opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
-odac     ;;;realtime audio out
;-iadc    ;;;uncomment -iadc if realtime audio input is needed too
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o oscil.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

sr = 44100
ksmps = 32
nchnls = 2
0dbfs  = 1

instr 1

kamp = .6
kcps = 440
ifn  = p4

asig oscil kamp, kcps, ifn
     outs asig,asig

endin
</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>
f1 0 16384 10 1                                          ; Sine
f2 0 16384 10 1 0.5 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.167 0.14 0.125 .111   ; Sawtooth
f3 0 16384 10 1 0   0.3 0    0.2 0     0.14 0     .111   ; Square
f4 0 16384 10 1 1   1   1    0.7 0.5   0.3  0.1          ; Pulse

i 1 0 2 1
i 1 3 2 2
i 1 6 2 3
i 1 9 2 4

e
</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


See Also

oscili, oscilikt, oscil3, poscil, poscil3