dconv

dconv — A direct convolution opcode.

Description

A direct convolution opcode.

Syntax

ares dconv asig, isize, ifn

Initialization

isize -- the size of the convolution buffer to use. If the buffer size is smaller than the size of ifn, then only the first isize values will be used from the table.

ifn -- table number of a stored function containing the impulse response for convolution.

Performance

Rather than the analysis/resynthesis method of the convolve opcode, dconv uses direct convolution to create the result. For small tables it can do this quite efficiently, however larger table require much more time to run. dconv does (isize * ksmps) multiplies on every k-cycle. Therefore, reverb and delay effects are best done with other opcodes (unless the times are short).

dconv was designed to be used with time varying tables to facilitate new realtime filtering capabilities.

Examples

Here is an example of the dconv opcode. It uses the file dconv.csd.

Example 165. Example of the dconv opcode.

See the sections Real-time Audio and Command Line Flags for more information on using command line flags.

<CsoundSynthesizer>
<CsOptions>
; Select audio/midi flags here according to platform
; Audio out   Audio in    No messages
-odac           -iadc     -d     ;;;RT audio I/O
; For Non-realtime ouput leave only the line below:
; -o dconv.wav -W ;;; for file output any platform
</CsOptions>
<CsInstruments>

sr = 44100
kr = 4410
ksmps = 10
nchnls = 1
 
#define RANDI(A) #kout  randi   1, kfq, $A*.001+iseed, 1
        tablew  kout, $A, itable#
 
instr 1
itable  init    1
iseed   init    .6
isize   init    ftlen(itable)
kfq     line    1, p3, 10
 
$RANDI(0)
$RANDI(1)
$RANDI(2)
$RANDI(3)
$RANDI(4)
$RANDI(5)
$RANDI(6)
$RANDI(7)
$RANDI(8)
$RANDI(9)
$RANDI(10)
$RANDI(11)
$RANDI(12)
$RANDI(13)
$RANDI(14)
$RANDI(15)

asig    rand    10000, .5, 1
asig    butlp   asig, 5000
asig    dconv   asig, isize, itable
 
        out     asig *.5
endin


</CsInstruments>
<CsScore>

f1 0 16 10 1
i1 0 10
e


</CsScore>
</CsoundSynthesizer>


See also

pconvolve, convolve, ftconv

Credits

Author: William Pete Moss
2001

New in version 4.12